28,522 murder cases registered in India in 2022, 78 every day: NCRB

The NCRB said, 'Rise in crime' and 'increase in registration of crime by police' are two different things, which require better understanding.


Published Dec 04, 2023 | 1:40 PMUpdated Dec 04, 2023 | 1:40 PM

28,522 murder cases registered in India in 2022, 78 every day: NCRB

A total of 28,522 FIRs of murder were registered in 2022 an average of 78 killings every day or more than three every hour across India, down from 29,272 in 2021 and 29,193 in 2020, according to the latest National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) data.

With 9,962 cases, “Disputes”, was the motive in the highest number of murder cases in 2022 followed by “personal vendetta or enmity” in 3,761 cases and “gain” in 1,884 cases, said the data in the annual crime report of the NCRB, which functions under Union Ministry of Home Affairs.’

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The numbers

The rate of murder per lakh population across the country stood at 2.1, while the charge sheeting in such cases was 81.5, according to the NCRB.

Uttar Pradesh saw the highest number of such FIRs at 3,491 in 2022 followed by Bihar (2,930), Maharashtra (2,295), Madhya Pradesh (1,978) and Rajasthan (1,834), with the top five states together accounting for 43.92 percent of murder cases in the country, the data showed.

The top five states with the least number of murder cases in 2022 were Sikkim (9), Nagaland (21), Mizoram (31), Goa (44), and Manipur (47), according to the NCRB, which is tasked with collection and analysis of crime data.

Among Union Territories, Delhi, the national capital, registered 509 cases of murder in 2022 followed by Jammu and Kashmir (99), Puducherry (30), Chandigarh (18), Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu (16), Andaman and Nicobar Islands (7), Ladakh (5) and Lakshadweep (Zero).

Murder rate highest in Jharkhand

Across India in 2022, the murder rate was the highest in Jharkhand (4), followed by Arunachal Pradesh (3.6), Chhattisgarh and Haryana (both 3.4), and Assam and Odisha (both 3).

Uttar Pradesh (1.5), Bihar (2.3), Maharashtra (1.8), Madhya Pradesh (2.3) and Rajasthan (2.3) fared better in terms of crime per lakh population.

In terms of age, 95.4 percent of the murder victims were adults.

Of the total murder victims, 8,125 were female and nine were third-gender persons, with men constituting about 70 percent of the victims, according to the NCRB.

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‘Upward swing does not mean rise in crime’

In a note of caution about the annual report, the NCRB said the primary presumption that the upward swing in police data indicates an increase in crime and thus a reflection of the ineffectiveness of the police is fallacious.

“‘Rise in crime’ and ‘increase in registration of crime by police’ are clearly two different things, a fact which requires better understanding. Thus an oft-repeated expectation from certain quarters that an effective police administration will be able to keep the crime figures low is misplaced,” it stated.

“Increase in crime numbers in a state police data may in fact be on account of certain citizen-centric police initiatives, like launching of e-FIR facility or women Helpdesks, etc.

“The increase or decrease in crime numbers, however, does call for a professional investigation of underlying factors pertaining to the local communities to suitably address the pertinent issues,” it added.

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